Lake St. Anna and the Mohos

 

Lake St. Anna is the only volcanic crater-lake that is still intact in South-Eastern Europe, and it is regarded a rarity in the whole of Europe. It formed in one of the twin-craters of the Ciomatu Mare (Nagy-Csomad), belonging to the Ciomat mountain cluster, 950 m above sea level. The lake whose shape is an almost perfect circle spans 22 hectares, its circumference is 1737 m and it has an average of 4 m in depth. It has no spring, it gets its water from the spring thaw of the surrounding mountains. The water of the almost circular lake reflects the beautiful view of the forest-covered crater rim. One can row a boat on the lake, in summer one can even bathe in it, the 24-25 C degree water-temperature is not rare. According to the locals, we should definitely bathe, or at least wash our faces in the water, because if we do, the fairy of the lake will protect us for a year.
Its fauna is poor, due to its low level of mineral salts. It started to fill up on the north, north-western shore, its bottom is covered by a thick layer of mud.

 

Beside the lake there’s a small, romantic chapel, the chapel of St. Anna, which was built in 1977 on the spot where the wooden chapel was situated. It is still an important place of pilgrimage for the Catholics of the region at the time of the Anna-Day organized at the end of every July.
Only a narrow ridge separates the lake from the muskeg.
The surface of the Mohos muskeg once measured four times the surface of lake St. Anna. The Mohos-lake shrank throughout the millennia, and it slowly turned into a swamp, into a true high-mountain swamp. In case of longer rains the 10-meter-deep swampy muskeg-layer fills up with water like a sponge, and it can swallow even the occasional lost cow. The peat gathered from the mass of dead peat-moss throughout the millennia.
On the territory of the muskeg there are many clear patches of water (lake-eyes) and various plant-rarities can be found there.
So that the visiting tourists wouldn’t harm the territory, environmentalists built a narrow wooden bridge above the swampy soil, on which part of the muskeg is situated.

 

(44 kms from Valea Seacă, 1 hour by car)

 

Itt tartzkodsz: SIGHTS Excursion Places Lake St. Anna and the Mohos