Kirándulások

Recea birch

 

The Recea birch is a 15 square kilometer area covered with quicksand, which is hardly protected though, because the village possesses few pastures. The population of the villages surrounding the reservation divided the birch forest amongst themselves, so there is a Birch of Recea, Comolău (Komolló), Aninoasa (Egerpatak), and also Sântion (Szentivány). The strictly protected area is a mere 2,5 square kilometers.
Almost 100 smaller lakes gleam among the sand dunes even today, however, most of them have already been invaded and are slowly being conquered by swamp flora.

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Lăzarea

 

The most important sight of the village is the Lázár-caste, its other jewel is the monastery of the grey friars, in the immediate vicinity of the building.
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Făgăraşului-Alps

 

The great range of the Făgăraşului alps is more than 70 kms as the crow flies, while its width surpasses 40 kms. Among the peaks and tops can be found eight of the fourteen mountain tops of Romania that exceed 2500 kms. Here is the Moldoveanu (2544 m), Negoiu (2535 m), Viştea Mare (2527m), Lespezi (2522m), Cornu Călţunului (2510m), Vânătoarea lui Buteanu (2507m), Hârtopu (2506m) and Dara (2500m), and further 42 peaks, whose tops are between 2400 and 2500 m. If we continue the list of extraordinary data, here is situated the densest water network of the country, it exceeds the value of 0.8 km/nkm. Here, in the glacial valley of Hartopul Leoatei is situated the highest formed lake of the country. The Mioarelor lies at an altitude of 2282 meters! The greatest lake of the mountain is the Bâlea, its stretch is 4.65 ha. The deepest glacial lake, with its 15.5 meters is the Podragu. The climate of the mountain is grim, with subpolar notes.

The Bâlea waterfall is situated at 1234 meters, on the northern side of the Făgăraşului alps, near the Transfăgărăşan highway, and it can be marvelled at from a distance, as no touristic route takes you to its immediate vicinity. The waters of Lake Bâlea plummets into a depth of 60 meters, so that it could then continue its way through many smaller, bubbling waterfalls toward milder countryside.
The Bâlea falls are situated on the southern side of the Făgăraşului alps, at an altitude of 169 meters, on the territory of Argeş county. The Bâlea lake is 5 kms from here.
The Vidraru dam that closes off the valley was built on the Argeş river in 1965. This was the first valley-closing arched dam of Romania, its height is 166,60 m, its length measured on the top is 305 m. The dam’s thickness is 25 meters at its base and 6 meters at the top. In optimal circumstances the stretch of the lake is 870 hectares, and the dam is able to contain 465 million cubic meters of water.
Furthermore, during the Transfăgărăşan trip the Poienari castle, as well as the Stan valley and the Curtea de Argeş are also worth visiting by all means.

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Bicazului

 

The Bicazului Pass has three main parts: Hell’s Gate, Hell’s Porch and Hell’s Throat. The Pass with its 200-300 meters high cliff walls is one of Europe’s rarities, and it is a paradise for mountain climbers. Almost all cliffs face towards the Bicaz stream with their vertical side, thus forming high walls. The surrounding mountain tops have an average of 1300 meters: Suhardul Mic – 1352 m, Făgetul Ciucului (Csíki Bükk) – 1267 m. The most rugged part of the pass is ”Hell’s Porch”.

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Lacul Roşu

 

24 kms from Gheorghieni (Gyergyószentmiklós) lies one of the most beautiful barricade lakes of Transylvania at 983 meters above sea level.
The lake formed on the summer of 1837, due to the slide of the debris that accumulated on the north-western slope of the Ghilcoş-mountain, which slid down due to the great rains and blocked the valley, where several streams united.
The wash of the Roşu (Vereskő)-stream often coloured the waters of the lake red, hence the other name of the lake, the Veres-lake (Red Lake).

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Vârghiş

 

It is a 4-km-long mountain pass carved by the Vârghiş stream in the northern part of the Perşanii de Nord (Rika)-mountain, which constitutes the Conservational Area of the Vârghiş-Pass. This is one of the greatest karst areas of Seklerland. From the period of the Ice-Age, the Vârghiş-stream dug out four systems of caves in the 4-km-long mountain pass. Until the present they have revealed 125 smaller (5-10 m) or bigger (10-1550 m) caveson four levels (5, 20, 40, 70-200 m) which are situated over the level of the current stream, having a total distance of 7410 m. The fifth cave level is presently still being developed by the stream (it is an active cave system).

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Lonely Stone of Bălan

 

The towers of the Egyeskő is the gripping rock formation  built from the sedimentary rock, which rises defiantly from the surroundings of the region. In its narrower, wider region can be found the Hăsmaşu Mare (Nagy-Hagymás), the Hăşmaşu Negru (Fekete-Hagymás), or the Devil’s Mill, situated on the side of the Ecsem (Öcsém)

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Băile Tuşnad

 

It is one of our most beautifully situated bath resorts, among wonderful pine forests 656 meters above sea level.  It has countless mineral waters and mofettas, these made it the ”Jewel of Transylvania”.
Its waters are useful as a drinking cure in case of digestive problems, lack of digestive acids, chronic intestinal disorders, liver and bile-diseases.The medical bath cures are used for the circulatory disorders, peripheric vein-problems, neurohormonal disorders, bladder- and nervous system diseases.

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Ghimeş Region

 

The name Ghimeş originally means a place where there are many stags – based on the similarity in sounding. The valley was settled by refugees, partly from Ciuc, partly from Moldavia.

The Csangos from Ghimeş say that their ancestors took refuge in this forested region from military service, the origin of their name is linked to this too: Csango is the one who wanders away from the community. The Csangos explain by this wandering their clothing style too, similar to the Csangos from Moldavia.
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Niergeş Stone (Nyergestető)

 

The Niergeş Stone is the monument of the Sekler heroes fallen in the battle on 1st August 1849, and it is a pass that links the basin of Trei Scaune and the basin of Ciuc, between the Ciucului alps and the Turia-mountains. The ridge and pass situated at 895 m above sea level is the last defensible place against the troops invading from the Oituz pass. It was the place of countless battles in the times of the Turkish and Tatar invasions.

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Şumuleu Ciuc

 

The architectural site, the Mikó castle houses the Sekler Museum from Miercurea Ciuc nowadays.
According to the legend, the castle was built in the time of St. Laszlo, by a Sekler chieftain named Mikó, but because the building was destroyed, Ferenc Mikó from Hídvég, the captain of Ciuc rebuilt it as a fortified castle between 1611-1621. The building was destroyed again during the 1661 Turkish punitive war.

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Corund

 

Corund is a famous potter-village in Harghita county, with iron and sulphur medical bath, and three mineral water springs. Sights:
Quarter of an hour from the village, along the Praid highway, 535 m above sea level stood the Corund bath, which was first mentioned in 1729, its 1890 owner was Gyula Gáspár, who built and modernized it much between 1892 and 1900. In 1938 the bath went bankrupt, its pine trees were felled, its buildings demolished. The place is called Árcsó today, which is famous for its salt well, spring sediments and mineral water springs.

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Sovata, Praid

 

It is a resort known throughout Europe. Its greatest treasure is the Bear-lake situated in the valley gorge, which is the biggest heat-conserving lake of the country. Its shape resembles a laid-out bearskin, probably hence its name.Its water is concentrated saltwater, the amount of salt dissolved in the water is estimated to 66 thousand tonnes, its temperature varies according to layers. In certain areas it reaches 50-70 C degrees. One can hardly swim in the lake, because one simply floats on the concentrated salt water. The valley gorge that is home to the lake is especially wind-free, it is open in the southern direction, it has lots of sunlight, dust-free air, thus it offers undisturbed recreation. One of Transylvania’s most well-known salt mines is in Praid, and most of Transylvania’s springs are in this area. Its rare sight is the great salt cliff that rises above the mining settlement. A bust takes the visitors and asthmatic patients down into the mine. An asthmatic treatment center is set up inside. The other sight of the settlement is the mesothermic salt bath. The bath gains its waters from a 2200 meter deep-drill.

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Bran

 

Bran lies 27 kms south-west from Braşov, Predeal and Simon belong to it. The castle defended one of the most important passes of the Southern Carpathians. The castle of Bran stands on a 100m high mountain in front of the Bran pass. It is one of Transylvania’s most well-reserved castles, its walls stand fully intact. Bran is considered the castle of Dracula – Vlad Ţepes. In 1918 it became the property of Queen Maria, who had it restored with Romantic additions. In this period it was a Romanian royal summer house. Today it is an outstanding sight of the region, a favourite spot for tourists. They say it’s one of the castles of Count Dracula, known from legends and horror films.

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Sinaia

 

The castle from Peleş Valley, the most majestic castle of Transylvania, the summer residence of the Romanian kings was built in the time of I. Carol (1866-1914) and it has become one of XIXth century Europe’s important monuments. Several other buildings have also been built beside the castle on the territory bought by the king, like the Pelişor-castle, the house of the bodyguards, the Econamat, the Foişor Hunting House, the stables, the electric power station and the Sipov manor. The hunting house was built first, so the royal couple lived there until they finished construction on the castle (1883). Thanks to the local power station the Peleş was the first castle in Europe that was entirely lit by electricity.

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Lake St. Anna and the Mohos

 

Lake St. Anna is the only volcanic crater-lake that is still intact in South-Eastern Europe, and it is regarded a rarity in the whole of Europe. It formed in one of the twin-craters of the Ciomatu Mare (Nagy-Csomad), belonging to the Ciomat mountain cluster, 950 m above sea level. The lake whose shape is an almost perfect circle spans 22 hectares, its circumference is 1737 m and it has an average of 4 m in depth. It has no spring, it gets its water from the spring thaw of the surrounding mountains. The water of the almost circular lake reflects the beautiful view of the forest-covered crater rim. One can row a boat on the lake, in summer one can even bathe in it, the 24-25 C degree water-temperature is not rare. According to the locals, we should definitely bathe, or at least wash our faces in the water, because if we do, the fairy of the lake will protect us for a year.
Its fauna is poor, due to its low level of mineral salts. It started to fill up on the north, north-western shore, its bottom is covered by a thick layer of mud.

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The Foul Cave of Turia

 

”Hell’s porch” is situated on the southern side of the Büdös-mountain, at an altitude of 1052 m. The 14-meter-long pit did not form naturally, it is the abandoned shaft of an old sulphur mine. The privilege of mining the sulphur belonged to Turia, situated 12 kms away, as is attested by the monarch’s warrants. Later the Büdös-cave came to be owned by the Apor barons from Turia. In 1892 Gábor Apor walled the cave with carved stones and also made a door to it, which was only open on appointed hours of the day, under constant surveillance. After the First World War the cave –with the surrounding bath resort- came to be owned by the lung-sanitarium, and its regular usage soon came to an end.

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Buffogó muskeg

 

The Buffogo muskeg is situated in the mountain ridge between the Büdös-mountain and the Köztető, and it is the other curiosity of the region. It is a 1 hectar peat-bog with sour water, rich in upsurges of gas. The clear water patches of different sizes that are surrounded by territories of thick,  yielding sphagnum are fragmented by dense, constant and gushing upsurges of carbon dioxide and gas. Hence its name, too.

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Bálványos castle

 

MIt is a high mountain-bath and resort at the meeting point of the Bodoc (Bodoki) -mountains, the Ciomat (Csomád) -mountain block and the Turia (Torjai) -mountain at 770 and 940 m above sea level. It is surrounded by forest-covered mountaintops about 1000 m above sea level. Because in the depth of the countryside is made of volcanic and sedimentary rock, the carbon dioxide and hydrogen sulphide gushing up helped at the formation of various mineral water springs. Because of their chemical components they are great for a drinking-cure – for the treatment of stomach- and intestinal diseases; for dry gas baths, the so-called „mofettas” and the natural bath-cures for the heart- circulatory diseases. The water, as well as the gas have relatively high natural radioactive level.

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­The Oituz Gorge

 

The valley of the Oituz stream has always been one of the most important gates of Transylvania. A segment of our Settling ancestors came into the country through here, this is where the Turkish and Tatar armies invaded the country, it was here that in 1466 King Matthias led a campaign into Moldova, in 1576 István Báthory marched through into Poland here to be king. Count István Széchenyi designed the railway to Galaţi through this gorge.
The gorge was the scene of many bloody battles during the 1848-49 Hungarian War for Independence, and also during the two World Wars. In 1916 it was here that the Romanian troops invaded, and in august 1944 it was here that the 24th ranger battalion and the Sekler fort company fought against the invading Romanian-Soviet troops.

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Lăcăuţi (Lakóca)

 

Lăcăuţi is the highest point of Covasna, and it is at the same time the highest point of the Vrancea (Haromszék) mountains., close Covasna-Buzău-Vrancea triple county border.

 

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Covasna

 

The symbol of the town is the Pokolsar (Hellmud), a one-of-a-kind sulfuric, carbon dioxide gas eruption at the east side of the Main Square, which was initially used for bathing cures. It was opened in 1881 under the name of ”Pokolsar Bathing Institution”, and by this it Covasna came to be counted among the institutionalized medical baths. The churning, roaring Pokolsar’s whimsical outbursts were quelled by many hundreds of carts of rocks and sand, and today it draws the attention of the visitors enclosed in a simple pool covered by a grate. The gas baths found in the city, ”mofettas” by folk terminology, with their extremely varied chemical composition  - combined with warm mineral water pre-bath – have an outstanding healing effect on those suffering from circulatory, neurologic and locomotor diseases, among others. Those immersed to the waist or neck into the gas bath are prohibited to disturb the settled dense gas by unnecessary movement, they have to welcome the effects of the healing gases, that can be felt in a few minutes already, with upheld heads. By the stirring of facial muscles one can perceive as the prickling warmth ascends from toes upward, to the higher positioned limbs.

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Itt tartzkodsz: SIGHTS Excursion Places